FXIIIa-blocker Tridegin is a 66 amino acid polypeptide present in the saliva of the giant Amazon leech Haementeria ghilianii
. Tridegin is neither a competitive inhibitor nor an unspecific thiol-group blocking agent. The inhibition mechanism is unknown so far. Finney et al. (Biochem. J.1997, 324:797-805) reported an IC50
of about 10 nM for factor XIIIa, whereas Sicker (PhD thesis, 2008) measured an IC50
of 2.5 μM for the recombinant protein.
Using recombinant Tridegin we determined IC50
-values against FXIIIa of 0.4 μM (T036
) and 1.8 μM (F001
) depending on the assay used (Product No. indicated in brackets). Human TG2 isn’t inhibited by recombinant Tridegin at concentrations up to 10 μM.
Further some microorganism derived unspecific “factor XIIIblockers” with IC50
-values in the micromolar range have been described, e.g. the antifungal antibiotic Cerulenin (Tymiak et al., J. Antibiot. 1993, 46:204-6).