Relationship Proteases - Transglutaminases

Transglutaminases catalyze the acyl transfer reaction between a γ-carboxamide group of glutamine and the ε-amino group of lysine, which results in the formation of isopeptide bonds. Human transglutaminases possess a catalytic triad and the reaction proceeds via a reactive intermediate linked to the nucleophilic cysteine of the enzyme. The mechanism is similar to the proteolysis reaction catalyzed by thiol proteases that possess the same catalytic triad. Transglutaminases use a similar structural architecture as papain-like thiol proteases and even have an evolutionary relationship.

The biology and physiology of these enzymes are closely related. For example, the transglutaminase coagulation factor XIIIa cross-links fibrin and therefore plays an important role in blood clot formation. The serine protease thrombin (T056) activates factor XIII cleaving the activation peptide. Subsequently, plasmin (P012) degrades the fibrin clot. Therefore, proteases are important tools in transglutaminase research.


Art. No. Name Unit Price
D005 Metalloprotease-Assay-Substance
2 mg 325 €
D017 Thrombin-Assay Substance, fluorescent
10 mg 200 €
P003 Prolylendopeptidase from Myxococcus xanthus, recombinant
150 U 400 €
P012 human Plasmin, recombinant
(from Glu-Plasminogen, activated by Urokinase)
100 µg 450 €
T004 Plasmin substrate Tosyl-GPKpNA, chromogenic
N-(p-Tosyl)-Gly-Pro-Lys-pNA acetate
25 mg 350 €
T056 Human alpha thrombin, highly active
2x 100 U 200 €
Z020 Thrombin-Generation-Assay Substance, fluorescent
25 mg 200 €